Pet Safety Alert for Drivers: Keep it Cool During the Summer

For Shippers · For Transporters · Pet Health · Pet Safety · 13 June 2019

Pet safety during summer months

Pet safety during summer months

We’ve previously covered the topic of pet safety in transportation, but usually from the owner’s perspective. Here, we wanted to try something different – raising transporter awareness of just how important it is to be extra cautious during the summer.

The following is an overview of warm weather safety hazards that pet transporters should keep in mind. We hope it’ll serve as a primer for new drivers on the platform, and a reminder for the veterans.

Overheating and Dehydration

When it’s hot outside, many animals struggle to regulate their body temperature. Neither cats nor dogs sweat as humans do, which makes them vulnerable to overheating. During transport, steps must be taken to mitigate these risks.

One precaution that often gets mentioned is never leaving pets alone inside locked vehicles. When the car isn’t moving, the A/C is either off or functioning at a reduced capacity. This means the inside of the vehicle can get very hot very quickly:

Temperature /
Elapsed Time
70º75 º80 º85 º90 º95º
10 min89 º94 º99 º104 º109 º114 º
20 min99 º104 º109 º114 º119 º124 º
30 min104 º109 º114 º119 º124 º129 º
40 min108 º113 º118 º123 º128 º133 º
50 min111 º116 º121 º126 º131 º136 º
60 min113 º118 º123 º128 º133 º138 º

The heat rises even quicker if you’re transporting multiple pets at once. Each body in the vehicle is generating heat and adding to the problem. If left on their own in these escalating conditions, animals are helpless and in severe danger of heatstroke. But when a human is around, it’s easy to turn the engine back on and restart the A/C.

Beyond that, here are several common-sense measures you can take to keep pets safe during summertime transportation:

  • Hydration: Make sure that each pet has access to plenty of fresh water at all times.
  • Ventilation: Make sure the pet carriers are positioned so that each has a good airflow going.
  • Monitoring: Keep an eye out for warning signs such as excessive panting or drooling, listlessness, and dizziness. If left unchecked, these symptoms can progress to vomiting and unconsciousness.

Walking in Warm Weather

Of course, heat hazards are not only an issue inside the vehicle. When you stop and take the pet out for a potty break, they can be directly exposed to sunlight. For some dogs – particularly those with shaggy black pelts – this might be enough to put them at risk. Try to keep these sensitive animals in the shade whenever possible, even while out on a walk.

Do not walk dogs on hot pavement, especially if they’re short-legged. You might not notice this, but the heat coming off of the surface can make it highly uncomfortable for them. More importantly, if their paws get blistered, it becomes even harder for them to regulate temperature.

Hot asphalt warning sign

In or out of the vehicle, if the animal appears to be overheating, here’s what you can do:

  • Move them to a cool, shaded environment as soon as possible.
  • If they’re able to drink, offer them fresh water, cold but without ice.
  • If they’re able to drink, use a wet cloth to gently wipe their paw pads, necks, or tongues.
  • Check their temperature. Anywhere between 103 and 106 degrees is considered elevated.
  • If they’re still struggling, get them to the nearest vet.

High-Risk Canine Breeds

Since dogs come in all shapes and sizes, there are certain breeds that face greater difficulties in warm weather. For the purposes of this summary, we’ll split the high-risk breeds into three distinct categories. Still, keep in mind that there’s plenty of overlap there.

Short-nosed (brachycephalic) breeds include pugs, bulldogs, Shih-Tzu, and many others. They usually suffer from respiratory issues caused by the shortened and often congested breathing pathways. And respiration in dogs, as mentioned before, is closely tied to regulating body temperature.

Long-haired breeds include collies, chow-chows, schnauzers, as well as various shepherds and others. Their luxurious coats aren’t a problem in and of themselves – shaving them, for instance, does not help. However, these animals were bred for colder climates and don’t handle warm weather particularly well.

High-energy breeds include beagles, boxers, as well as many different terriers and spaniels. Put simply, these dogs don’t know when to quit. They require frequent physical activity which, in hot weather, can lead to heat exhaustion. Additionally, some of these breeds are prone to cardiovascular conditions which elevate the dangers posed by heatstroke.

Dogs (and other pets) can also be considered to be “high-risk” individually if they’re overweight, very old, very young, or on certain prescription medications. Each of these animals is a story of its own, featuring unique risk factors and necessary precautions. In general, we can only advise closely following the instructions of an animal’s owner and veterinarian.

Overconfident Transporters

Finally, let’s consider one last contributing factor to the summertime pet safety issue: transporter confidence. Experienced drivers may think that they’ve got this under control – no animal has ever overheated on their watch. Make sure there’s plenty of water and the A/C is on, what else is there to worry about? Then suddenly, they need to pop out of the car to run a quick errand. It’ll only take a minute or two… maybe five, no more than ten.

And just like that, there goes that perfect record.

The solution is simple – do not get overly confident. Stay on your toes, don’t make lazy mistakes, and try to stay as attentive to the animal’s needs as possible. Occasionally think about what you might be missing: Would a backseat temperature monitor be a decent investment? How about keeping a rectal thermometer in the car, just in case?

Last year, according to PETA, in 2020, there have been 31 canine casualties caused by overheating in the US. While this may not sound like much, keep in mind that the vast majority of such cases go unreported. As a community, CitizenShipper is committed to avoiding adding to this disturbing statistic for the year 2021 and beyond.

Updated September 17, 2021

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69 Comments
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Shaneen Dean
Shaneen Dean
1 year ago

Thank you

Angela
Angela
1 year ago

My car has very cold AC, and I am always have my AC on high in the summer days. I don’t leave animals in my car, even I have to use bathroom. I usually take my animals with me for the bathroom breaks into the gas stations or stores.

TylerR
TylerR
1 year ago

I have ac and I always but the animals needs first.

jeana welton
jeana welton
1 year ago

Thank you I spoil all dogs I love them thanks agian

Desmond Yeary
Desmond Yeary
1 year ago

We have a brand new 2020 Kia with ice cold ac. So no need to worry about it going out any time soon..

Jeanna A Barnes
Jeanna A Barnes
1 year ago

Very good information. Especially about different breeds . Thank You for sharing.

Jose Hernandez
1 year ago

Already knew that but thanks anyway

Su O.
Su O.
1 year ago

Good information, some new, some not. Thank you

Lisa
Lisa
1 year ago

Thank you for info.

Christina Rachael Howells
Christina Rachael Howells
1 year ago

Thank you

Makayla fuoss
Makayla fuoss
1 year ago

Go to see someone who knows a little bit about something. Eichele dogs and traveled with dogs cats and horses showed all of them all over the country for many years.

Jay V.
Jay V.
1 year ago

I would never leave a dog in a car. My wife wouldn’t leave me in a car.

Jen
Jen
3 months ago

Very good information, thank you.

Melodee Siddons
Melodee Siddons
3 months ago

I would like to sign up again how do I do that

K9 Kutz & More, LLC
K9 Kutz & More, LLC
Reply to  Melodee Siddons
1 month ago

support[at]citizenshipper[dot]com

Deana
Deana
2 months ago

Thank you for making this information available to everyone, this is great for anyone transporting animals.

K9 Kutz & More, LLC
K9 Kutz & More, LLC
1 month ago

Once again, Citizen Shipper has gone above and beyond to provide the info needed to help the drivers succeed in their transport business. Pet Safety should be all drivers #1 priority. Thank you for sharing!

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